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Conventional Polymers lists and 3Dresyns equivalent grades

Typical properties of our Standard 3Dresyns*

STD 3Dresyn

Acronym

Deflection Temperature (ºC)

Shore hardness

Flexural strength (MPa)

% Elongation

Flexural modulus (MPa)

Tensile strength (MPa)

UHT

Ultra hard and tough

<80

D85

>50

<2

2000-3000

>30

UHF

Ultra hard and flexible

 <60

D80

>40

<15

1000-2000

>30

HF

Hard and flexible

<10

A90

<20

>40

<500

<10

HE

Hard and elastic

<0

A70

<10

>50

<10

<10

F

Flexible

<0

A60

<8

>50

<8

<8

SF

Soft and flexible

<0

A20

<2

>90

<2

<3

E

Elastic

<0

A10-20

<1.5

>90

<2

<2

SE

Super elastic

 

<0

A10

<1.5

>>100

<2

<2

  *Note: properties can vary since depend on few variables such as light wavelength and power, printing settings, light postcuring settings, post processing, etc.

Typical properties of our Next Generation 3Dresyns*

NG 3Dresyn

Deflection Temperature (ºC)

Shore hardness

Flexural strength (MPa)

% Elongation

Flexural modulus (MPa)

Tensile strength (MPa)

R290D90

c.290

D90

>40

<1

4000-5000

>50

R190D90

>190

D90

>40

<2

3500-4000

>50

R140D90

>140

D90

>40

<2.5

2700-3100

>50

TD90

>100

D90

>80

<3

2000-3000

>50

TD80

<100

D80

>50

<10

1000-2000

>40

TD80 / TFD80 50/50

40-80

D80

>40

<25

<1500

<25

TFD80

<20

D80

>35

<40

<1000

<25

TFD70

<20

D70

<25

<40

<500

<20

TFD30

<10

D30

<10

>45

<20

<20

TFA70

<0

A70

<10

>50

<10

<10

TFA60

<0

A60

<10

>50

<10

<10

FA50

<0

A50

<5

>60

<10

<10

FA40

<0

A40

<5

>60

<10

<10

FA30

<0

A30

<5

>70

<5

<5

EA20

<0

A20

<3

>90

<3

<4

SEA10

<0

A10

<2

>>100

<2

<2

 *Note: properties can vary since depend on few variables such as light wavelength, light power, printing, postcuring and post processing settings.

Typical properties of our 100% Biocompatible "monomer free" 3Dresyns*

Biocompatible 3Dresyn

Acronym

Deflection Temperature (ºC)

Shore hardness

Flexural strength (MPa)

% Elongation

Flexural modulus (MPa)

Tensile strength (MPa)

Biotough D90 MF ULWA

Monomer free ultra low water absorption

>110

D90

90-130

<3

2600-3000

>50

Biotough D85 MF ULWA

Monomer free ultra low water absorption

>90

D85

70-110

<3

2200-2600

>50

Biotough D80 MF ULWA

Monomer free ultra low water absorption

>80

D80

60-100

<8

1000-2000

>40

Biotough D80 MF

Monomer free

>80

D80

60-100

<8

1000-2000

>40

Biotough D70 MF ULWA

Monomer free ultra low water absorption

>60

D70

>50

<10

<1000-1500

>40

Biotough D70 MF ULWA

Monomer free ultra low water absorption

>60

D70

>50

<10

<1000-1500

>40

Bioflex A70 MF ULWA UR

Monomer free ultra low water absorption ultra resistant

<0

A70

<10

>80

<400

<15

Bioflex A70 MF ULWA

Monomer free ultra low water absorption

<0

A70

<10

>50

<10

<10

Bioflex A70 MF UR

Monomer free ultra resistant

<0

A70

<10

>80

<400

<15

Bioflex A70 MF

Monomer free

<0

A70

<10

>50

<10

<10

Bioflex A60 MF ULWA UR

Monomer Free ultra low water absorption ultra resistant

<0

A60

<10

>90

<300

<10

Bioflex A60 MF UR

Monomer Free ultra resistant

<0

A60

<10

>90

<300

<10

Bioflex A50 MF ULWA

Monomer free ultra low water absorption

<0

A50

<5

>60

<10

<5

Bioflex A50 MF

Monomer free

<0

A50

<5

>60

<10

<5

Bioflex A20 MF ULWA

Monomer free ultra low water absorption

<0

A20

<2

>100

<2

<2

Bioflex A20 MF

Monomer free

<0

A20

<2

>100

<2

<2

 *Note: properties can vary since depend on few variables such as light wavelength and power, printing settings, light post curing settings, post processing, etc.

Typical Hardness of Conventional Polymers and 3Dresyns equivalent grades (Shore D values)

Acronym of Polymers

Name of Polymers

Min Value

Max Value

3Dresyn

ABS

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene

98

100

Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90

ABS FR

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene flame retardant

80

90

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90 (with FRC1)

ABS High Heat

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene High Heat

80

85

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90 (with 3Dresyn FRC1) 

ABS High Impact

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene High Impact

75

85

Biotough D90, D85, D80 NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80, TFD80

ABS/PC

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene/Polycarbonate

85

90

Biotough D90, D85, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80

ABS/PC FR

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene/ Polycarbonate flame retardant

85

93

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90 (with FRC1)

ASA

Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate

75

80

Biotough D80, D70, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80

ASA/PC

Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/ Polycarbonate

80

85

Biotough D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80

ASA/PC FR

Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/ Polycarbonate flame retardant

80

90

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90, TD80  (with 3Dresyn FRC1) 

ASA/PVC

Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/ Polyvinyl Chloride

75

90

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80

CA - Cellulose Acetate

Cellulose Acetate

50

95

Biotough D90, D85, D80, D70, 3Dresyn CD Bio, UF Bio D, Bio D

CAB - Cellulose Acetate Butyrate

Cellulose Acetate Butyrate

60

90

Biotough D90, D85, D80, D70, 3Dresyn CD Bio, UF Bio D, Bio D

CP - Cellulose Proprionate

Cellulose Proprionate

40

95

Biotough D90, D85, D80, D70, 3Dresyn CD Bio, UF Bio D, Bio D

CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride

CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride

83

90

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80

ECTFE

Ethylene Chlorotrifluoroethylene

73

77

Biotough D80, D70, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80, TFD70 (with 3D ADD WRA1)

ETFE

Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene

70

75

Biotough D80, D70, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80, TFD70 (with 3D ADD WRA1)

EVA

Ethylene Vinyl Acetate

15

45

Bioflex A70, 3Dresyn HF (Shore A90)

FEP

Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene

60

65

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70 (with 3D ADD WRA1)

HDPE - High Density Polyethylene

HDPE - High Density Polyethylene

60

70

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70

HIPS - High Impact Polystyrene

HIPS - High Impact Polystyrene

60

75

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD80, TFD70

HIPS FR V0

High Impact Polystyrene flame retardant V0

60

70

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70

Ionomer (EMAC)

Ionomer (Ethylene-Methyl Acrylate Copolymer)

30

66

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70, TFD30

LDPE - Low Density Polyethylene

LDPE - Low Density Polyethylene

40

50

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70

LLDPE - Linear Low Density Polyethylene

LLDPE - Linear Low Density Polyethylene

55

56

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70

PA 11 flexible

Polyamide 11 flexible

59

63

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70

PA 11 rigid

Polyamide 11 rigid

64

72

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70, 3Dresyn CR UHT

PA 12 semi rigid

Polyamide 12

70

77

3Dresyn OD FDB, Biotough D80, D70,  NG 3Dresyn TFD80, TFD70

PA 12 flexible

Polyamide 12 flexible

60

65

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70

PA 6

Polyamide 6

80

95

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90, TD80, 3Dresyn CR UHT

PA 6-10

Polyamide 6-10

60

85

Biotough D85, D80, D70, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80

PA 66

Polyamide 6-6

80

95

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90, TD80, 3Dresyn CR UHT

PA 66 impact modified

Polyamide 6-6 impact modified

70

85

Biotough D85, D80, D70, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80, TFD80, TFD70

PAI

Polyamide-Imide

90

99

Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90, 3Dresyn CR UHT

PAI low friction

Polyamide-Imide low friction

95

99

Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90, 3Dresyn CR UHT (with 3D ADD WRA1)

PAN

Polyacrylonitrile

85

93

Biotough D90, D85, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90, 3Dresyn CR UHT

PARA 30-60% GF

Polyarylamide 30-60% glass fiber

88

92

Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90, 3Dresyn CR UHT

PBT

Polybutylene Terephthalate

90

95

Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90, 3Dresyn CR UHT

PC high heat

Polycarbonate high heat

90

95

3Dresyn OL1 MF, Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90

PCL - Polycaprolactone

Polycaprolactone

55

55

Biotough D70, Bioflex A70, 3Dresyn HF (Shore A90)

PCTFE

Polymonochlorotrifluoroethylene

75

85

Biotough D85, D80, D70, NG 3Dresyn TD80 (with 3D ADD WRA1)

PEEK

Polyetheretherketone

85

95

Biotough D90, D85, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80

PEI

Polyetherimide

95

99

Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn TD90

PESU

Polyethersulfone

95

95

Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn TD90

PET

Polyethylene Terephtalate

85

95

Biotough D90, D85, NG 3Dresyn TFD80

PE-UHMW

Polyethylene -Ultra High Molecular Weight

60

70

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70

PFA

Perfluoroalkoxy

60

65

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70

PMMA

Polymethylmethacrylate

90

99

Biotough D90, 3Dresyn RDB, TD90

PMMA high heat

Polymethylmethacrylate, high heat

98

99

Biotough D90, 3Dresyn RDB, TD90

PMMA Impact modified

Polymethylmethacrylate, impact modified

83

95

Biotough D90, D85, 3Dresyn RDB, TD90, TD80

PMP

Polymethylpentene

60

70

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70

POM

Polyoxymethylene (acetal)

80

95

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80

POM impact modified

Polyoxymethylene (acetal) impact modified

80

92

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80

POM low friction

Polyoxymethylene (acetal) low friction

80

95

Biotough D90, D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80 (with 3D ADD WRA1)

PP copo

Polypropylene copolymer

70

80

Biotough D80, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80, TFD70

PP homo

Polypropylene homopolymer

70

83

Biotough D80, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80, TFD70

PP impact modified

Polypropylene impact modified

45

55

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70, 3Dresyn HF (Shore A90)

PPE

Polyphenylene Ether

85

90

Biotough D90, D85, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80, TFD80

PPS

Polyphenylene Sulfide

90

95

Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn R290D90, R190D90, R140D90, TD90

PPSU

Polyphenylene Sulfone

78

82

Biotough D85, D80, NG 3DresynTD80

PS crystal

Polystyrene crystal

85

90

3Dresyn OL1, Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80

PS high heat

Polystyrene high heat

90

95

3Dresyn OL1, Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn R140D90, TD90, TD80

PSU

Polysulfone

78

82

Biotough D80, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80

PTFE

Polytetrafluoroethylene

50

65

Biotough D70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70, 3Dresyn HF (Shore A90) (with 3D ADD WRA1)

PVC plasticized

Polyvinyl Chloride plasticized

15

70

Biotough D70, Bioflex A70, NG 3Dresyn TFD70, TFD30, 3Dresyn HF (Shore A90)  

PVC rigid

Polyvinyl Chloride rigid

65

90

Biotough D90, D85, D80, D70, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80, TFD80, TFD70

PVDC

Polyvinylidene Chloride

88

90

Biotough D90, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD85

PVDF

Polyvinylidene Fluoride

65

82

Biotough D80, D70, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80, TFD70

SAN

Styrene Acrylonitrile

75

95

Biotough D90, D85, D80, D70, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80, TFD80, TFD70

SMA

Styrene Maleic Anhydride

83

85

Biotough D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80, TFD80

SMA FR V0

Styrene Maleic Anhydride flame retardant V0

83

85

Biotough D85, D80, NG 3Dresyn TD90, TD80, TFD80

TPS-Injection General Purpose

Thermoplastic Starch GP

45

62

Bioflex A70, 3Dresyn HF (Shore A90)

TPS-Injection Water Resistant

Thermoplastic Starch WR

52

54

Bioflex A70, 3Dresyn HF (Shore A90)

XLPE - Crosslinked Polyethylene

XLPE - Crosslinked Polyethylene

30

80

Biotough D80, NG 3Dresyn TD80, TFD80, TFD70, TFD30

 Note: reference data source: https://omnexus.specialchem.com/polymer-properties/properties/hardness-shore-d

 Typical Properties and Applications of Conventional Polymers

Polymers

Density
g/cc

Hardness

Tensile Strength
(Ultimate)

Elongation at break

Processing
Temp.

Application

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS), (Moulded)

0.35 - 1.26

Rockwell R
90 - 121

27.6 - 65 MPa

2.40 - 110 %

160 - 274°C

Telephone handsets, suitcases, kitchen appliance housings, handles, computer cases.

Acrylic (PMMA) (General Purpose)

0.98 - 1.2

Rockwell M 18 - 99
Rockwell R 69 - 95

19.3 - 80 MPa

1 - 85 %

177 - 265°C

Alternative to glass, used as windows, screens, vehicle signal lights, lenses, light fittings, signs, adhesives.
Resin casting.

Acrylic (PMMA)
(Cast)

1.18 - 1.19

Rockwell M 94 - 102

62 - 84 MPa

4 - 5.5 %

80 - 193°C

Polybutene-1 (PB-1)

0.91

N/A

27 - 34MPa

>=350%

Melting temp.
116 -123°C

Seal-peel or easy-open packaging, e.g. cereal packaging and packs for cold meats, cheeses.

Polyamides (PA)
(Nylon 6)

1 - 1.49

Rockwell M 81 - 88
Rockwell R
78 - 122

12 - 100 MPa

3.2 - 500%

40 - 371°C

Injection moulding. Nylon fibres are used in textiles, fishing lines, carpets, upholstery fabrics, seat belts, toothbrush bristles, ropes. Nylon films are used for food packaging.

Polycarbonate (PC) (Moulded)

0.95 - 1.54

Rockwell M 65 - 122
Rockwell R 70 - 123

37 - 630 MPa

1.5 - 233%

227 - 343°C

Motor vehicle bumpers, CDs, computer housings, power tool casings, safety helmets, sheeting material in the construction industries, e.g. polycarbonate roofs, sky lights, vandal proof windows. 

Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)

1.25 - 1.91

Rockwell M 80 - 95
Rockwell R 105 - 120

22 - 207 MPa

1.5 - 600 %

120 - 295°C

Automobile parts, household products, PET fibres are widely used in textiles.

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) (Flexible grade)

1.11 - 1.89

Shore A
35 - 95
Shore D
33 - 78

0.75 - 29.7 MPa

50 - 520 %

150 -220°C

Fashion and footwear, packaging, cling film, credit cards and synthetic leather, wire insulation, floor covering, roofing membranes, shower curtains, table covers, stationary, automotive seat coverings, upholstery sheets, wall covering, garden hoses, handbags, inflatable boats and toys, rainwear, tubes, automotive pedals and trim,
calendered sheet.

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) (uPVC)
(Sheet grade)

1.27 - 1.55

Rockwell R
76 - 112
Shore D
74 - 83

46 - 52 MPa

15.0 - 100 %

182 - 210°C

Window frames, doors, drain pipe, water pipe, pipe fittings, automotive interiors, ladder feet

Styrene Acrylonitrile (SAN)

0.9 - 1.2

Rockwell M
75 - 93
Rockwell R
83 - 124

45 - 80 MPa

1.5 - 16%

220 - 260°C

Kitchen ware, business machine casings, drinks cups, packaging, toys, toothbrush handles.

Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate (ASA)

1 - 1.2

Rockwell R 86.0 - 119

25 - 48 MPa

5.00 - 230%

220 - 280°C

Aerospace components,
automobile parts,
recreational equipment components,
outdoor structural parts.

Expanded Polypropylene (EPP)

0.1

N/A

0.27 - 1.9 MPa

7 - 21%

130 - 171°C

Seating, car bumper and door components, packaging, furniture, sporting goods, electrical applications.

Thermoplastic Elastomers 
(TPE, TPR)

Rockwell M
Rockwell R

MPa

%

°C

Shoes, hammer heads, skate board wheels, synthetic leather fabrics.

Polypropylene (PP) (Moulded)

0.88 - 1.7

Rockwell R 20 - 117
Rockwell R

9 - 80 MPa

3 - 900%

88 - 320°C

Packaging, motor vehicle bumpers, panels and trims, crates, luggage, bags, fibres used in tapes, strapping and ropes. Living hinges

Cellulose Acetate Butyrate (CAB)
(16% plasticised)

1.16

N/A

23 MPa

>= 50%

Melt temp. 205 - 215°C

Spectacle frames, buttons, pen barrels, toothbrushes, helmets, tool handles, hot melt adhesives, safety goggles, steering wheels, blister packaging, transparent wrapping.

Cellulose Acetate Propionate (CAP)
(15% plasticised)

1.19

N/A

28 MPa

34%

Melt temp. 210 - 220°C

Used in printing inks, nail care products, pen barrels, pipes, tubing, tooth brushes, telephones.

Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) (Adhesive/sealant)

0.92 - 0.98

Shore A
40 - 85
Shore D
15 27

1.5 - 27 MPa

50 - 1300%

175 - 275°C

Adhesive, sealants.

Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA)
(Moulded / Extruded)

0.92 - 1.05

Shore A
53 - 98
Shore D
15 - 26

1.9 - 27 MPa

50 - 1300%

121 - 204°C

Handle grips, flexible tubing, vacuum cleaner hoses, squeeze toys, stretch films, gaskets.

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) (Extruded)(Dupont Teflon®)

2 - 2.3

Shore D
50 - 65

18 - 34 MPa

200 - 500 %

Melt temp.
325 - 327°C

Very resistant to chemical attack, very low coefficient of friction, used for gaskets, rings, bearings, bottles, syringes, pipes, containers, thread seal tape, non-stick coatings.

Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene (FEP)

1.3 - 2.17

Shore D 56

19 - 27 MPa

250 - 340%

Melt temp.
245 - 275°C

Gaskets, bearings, seals, tubing, electrical wire and cable insulation.

High Density Polyethylene
(HDPE)(Sheet grade)

0.9 - 1.06

Rockwell R 60 - 70
Shore D
65 - 69

21.4 - 30.3
MPa

500 - 2800%

Vicat softening point
122 - 134°C

Blow moulded bottles for milk, non-carbonated drinks, detergents, bleach,acids, drums, fuel tanks, toys, household goods. Injection moulded crates, containers, caps, household goods, toys. Extruded pipes for water, gas, corrugated pipes and conduit for electrical cables, wire and cable insulation.

High Density Polyethylene
(HDPE)
(Injection moulded
)

0.92 - 1.05

Rockwell R 33 - 52
Shore D
55 - 76

10 - 43 MPa

3.2 - 2080 %

82 - 280°C

High Density Polyethylene
(HDPE) (Film grade)

0.92 - 0.96

Shore D
28 - 69

29 - 45 MPa

250 - 1350 %

60 - 240°C

Snack food packages, cereal box liners, wrapping, refuse sacks, carrier bags, industrial liners, freezer bags, water pipes.

Low Density Polyethylene
(LLDPE & LDPE) (Film grade)

0.91 - 0.93

Shore D
42 - 60

7.8 - 34.5 MPa

50 - 1000%

143 - 260°C

Sandwich bags, films, sheets, cling wrap, car covers, squeeze bottles, toys, houseware, carrier bags, rubbish sacks, packaging, gas and water pipes, liners for tanks and ponds, moisture barriers, in construction, cable and wire insulation, used for rotational moulding.

General Purpose Polystyrene
(GPPS)

1.40

Rockwell M
77

48 MPa

2%

Melt temp 180 - 260°C

Toys, rigid packaging, refrigerator trays, costume jewellery, lighting diffusers, cassette and CD cases, storm windows, disposable medical ware.

High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS)

1.04

Rockwell R
65 - 100

21 - 27.5
MPa

55%

Vicat softening point
102°C

Cosmetic packaging, cups, shower surrounds, point of sale displays, thin-wall injection molding and thermoforming, radio and TV cabinets, instrument control knobs, yogurt pots, vending cups, toys.

Expanded Polystyrene (EPS)

0.008 - 0.1

N/A

N/A

N/A

Melt point 240°C

Thermal insulation materials, packaging, impact protection and cushioning, drinks cups, food trays, clam shell packaging.

Unsaturated Polyester Resins (UP Resins)
(Styrene content
23 - 44 %)

0.6 - 2

Barcol
37 - 68

10 - 123 MPa

N/A

135 - 280°C

Bowling balls, buttons, resin component of GRP, used for boat hulls, canoes, car and lorry body panels,  embedding, coating.

Polyester Moulding Compound (Thermoset)

2

N/A

24 - 48 MPa

N/A

135 - 165°C

Dough and bulk moulding compounds for compression moulding, also widely used for powder coating and as reinforcement tapes and rovings in composites.

Epoxy Resin (EP)
(Thermoset)

0.86 - 2.6

Shore D
50 - 95

5.1 - 58.6
MPa

0 - 50%

25 - 170°C

Coatings, encapsulation, electrical components, moulds, laminates, castings, used in composites, two part epoxy paints.

Epoxy Resin (EP)
(Thermoset adhesive)

0.46 - 4.8

Shore D
50 - 95
Shore D
13 - 92

1.38 - 69.6 MPa

0 - 200%

4.4 - 260°C

Adhesive.

Urea Formaldehyde (UF)
(Powders and moulding compounds)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Used mostly as wood adhesives for the bonding of plywood and particleboards, concerns about the release of formaldehyde into the atmosphere have led to it being substituted by other adhesives, e.g. phenolics

Melamine Formaldehyde (MF)

1.5 - 1.8

Ball indentation hardness 250 - 300 MPa

N/A

N/A

100 - 115°C

Decorative laminates, laminating resins, surface coatings, buttons, dinner ware, tanning of leathers.

Melamine-Phenolic Copolymer moulding compound

1.67

Rockwell E 74

59 MPa

0.81%

N/A

Bottle caps, lighting, tableware, electrical equipment.

Phenolic Formaldehyde resin (PF)

1.37

N/A

N/A

N/A

Melt temp. 80 - 100°C

Lamp holders, bottle caps, saucepan handles, electrical plugs, switches, electric iron parts, abrasives, adhesives, varnishes.

Polyurethane cast elastomers
(EP)

N/A

Shore A 70

Yield
26.2 MPa

900%

82.2°C

Solid tyres, wheels, shoe heels, automobile bumpers.

Vinyl Ester SMC

1.03 - 1.95

Barcol
35.0 - 70.0

30.3 - 827
MPa

1.2 - 7.9%

93 - 160°C

Chemical tanks, piping.

Note: Reference data source: https://www.notesandsketches.co.uk/Polymer_properties.html

Testing of Mechanical Properties

Flexural Strength is the capacity of a material to resist deformation under bending moment. It is sometimes called Bending Strength.

Tensile Strength is the capacity of a material to resist tension/stretched tight.

The similarity is that, by definition - They are both material's capacity in resisting deformation under loads. 

Flexural strength is basically bending strength .The flexural strength of a material is defined as the maximum bending stress that can be applied to that material before it yields. It is also called as bending strength or modulus of rupture.
The flexural strength of a material is defined as its ability to resist deformation under load. For materials that deform significantly but do not break, the load at yield, typically measured at 5% deformation/strain of the outer surface, is reported as the flexural strength or flexural yield strength. In other words, Flexural testing is used to determine the flexibility or bending properties of a material. Sometimes referred to as a transverse beam test, it involves placing a sample between two points or supports and initiating a load using a third point or with two points which are respectively call 3-Point Bend and 4-Point Bend testing. Maximum stress and strain are calculated on the incremental load applied. 

Overall Benefits of NextGen 3Dresyns:

  • excellent mechanical properties with tensile strength >90 MPa for tougher grades
  • reduced brittleness in a broad temperature range: at low and high temperature
  • functional materials for engineering and biomedical applications
  • biocompatible safe grades
  • broad range of properties, from extra hard/tough to flexible grades
  • broad elongation range, from  <1-10% and up to 100%
  • high tear resistance for rigid, tough and tough and foldable grades
  • high resilience for hard, tough, flexible and foldable grades
  • high impact and shattering resistance for even hard grades
  • durable
  • very high resolution c.10 microns
  • very low shrinkage c.<1%
  • printable by most commercial and professional SLA DLP, LCD printers
  • organo-tin and epoxy free
  • Special and Custom NCS and RAL colors are available upon request.
  • CMYK: cyan, magenta, yellow, black and white light fast colors already added to the resins without any settling/sedimentation.
  • NextGen 3Dresyns Colors kit is a color kit available for printer users interested in controlling the color strength by adding the colors themselves to the resins.   

Shore Hardness Scales

CLICK HERE; SPECIAL PACK OFFER OF 4 DIFFERENT MATERIALS OF YOUR CHOICE:  IDEAL FOR SELECTING THE RIGHT HARDNESS  & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR YOUR SPECIFIC APPLICATION

* Note: Shore hardness values are relative and approximate, since in practice hardness can be perceived higher or lower than the declared values. Hardness depends on several variables, including dosage of Fine Tuners FT1 and LB1 used, light wavelength and power, exposure time, post-curing settings, time from printing until hardness readings since materials tend to get harder upon time until their properties stabilise in a couple of hours, effect of room temperature when making the hardness readings, specially for flexible grades, etc.

Shore hardness readings also depend on the thickness of the prints. Below 6 mm thickness, and when readings are too close to the sides (less than 12 mm) materials may show lower or higher hardness readings, specially for flexible grades.

Since most 3D prints are usually small in size, perceived hardness (and rigidity) differs from Shore hardness readings undertaken with bigger prints, with more than 6 mm thick and at least 12 mm from the sides.   

Perceived foldability also depends on the thickness of the print: the higher the thickness the lower the foldability for the same resin.

Please contact us to consult about our NextGen 3Dresyns and your specific performance goals at: info@3Dresyns.com