Standard settings for printing most of of our 3D resins in most SLA, DLP & LCD printers:

  • Z layer or slice height or thickness is typically between 50-100 microns (0.05-0.1 mm). Lower or higher are also printable for most 3D resins
  • Cure or Exposure or z layer or slice or thickness times are typically between 1-10 seconds for the fastest resins and 10-20 seconds for the slowest resins 
    • Depending on the power of your printer, the optimum exposure times will increase or decrease. Follow our detailed Instructions for Use. Measure and fill up the data, cure thickness vs exposure time, in the curing rate table for your specific printer specifications. Alternatively, order online the curing the table for your ordered 3D resins measured with similar light power specifications with this light meter*
  • Typically 3 initial, also known as adhesion, or bottom, or base, layer, or slice, or cure bottom count exposures of 80-100 seconds are enough for having very good adhesion on the build platform for most 3D resins
  • Z lift & retract speed: low, medium, or high value of the scale (non-critical for most 3D resins)
  • Light off delay/off time/wait before & after print: 0.1-0.5 seconds (non-critical for most 3D resins)
  • Z Lift after print distance: 5-10 mm (non-critical for most 3D resins)
  • Printing temperature: before printing warm viscous 3D resins, protecting them from room light to prevent their light curing, to around 30-35ºC to reduce their viscosity and adhesion to the resin tank
    • low viscosity resins do not require any warming

Taking into account the broad range of printer specifications (light power variability) of different printer models of even the same printer technology the optimisation of the printing settings, such as light exposure times, are required for each resin and printer unit because all printers have different light power across the vat available for curing and printing 3D resins. Additionally, the light power also decays over cumulative operating time or working hours. As example, the following graph shows a typical light output decay vs cumulative operating time of standard multicolour RGB LCD panels, monochrome LCD panels, digital lamp projectors and LED projectors, all typically used in SLA, DLP & LCD 3D printers.

For more info read: 

Calibration of 3D resins in 3D printers

Our free supplied calibration files will help you choose the right balance of printing speed, resolution, precision, and dimensional accuray of your prints (see 3Dresyns calibration file of the coin below with resolution up to to 2 microns).

3Dresyns Instructions for Use IFU are practical, scientific, intuitive, fast, and easy to follow. There is no need to understand any complex concepts, theories, and equations as shown in detailed in Fundamentals of Stereolithography by 3Dresyns

Printing of most 3D resins is easy with our calibration instructions, which show you to choose the right exposure times and printing settings for your chosen z layer thickness, as shown in this video:

Basic simple scientific methodology for non-scientists

By taking measurements of the curing of 3D resin drops at different times, such as 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 50, 75, and 100 seconds, a fast & easy fingerprint is obtained, the "curing rate table", of the cured thickness of the 3D resin at different times in your printer. Glass slides of 1 mm thickness or a FEP film can be used as clear support for curing the drops. The curing rate table of cured thickness vs time provides the required information for choosing the right exposure times for different z layers in your specific printer status, since light power of printers are normally not reported, and when reported their value is relative and dependent on the wavelength used for calibration of the light meter. Additionally, the power varies significantly from printer to printer, and decays naturally upon time, affecting the thickness vs time fingerprint.
The curing rate table for each ordered 3D resin cured at 405 nm with a similar light power to your printer can be optionally ordered online for 40 Euro. For exact values we recommend you ordering the same light meter as ours, since the ordered curing rate table can be much more accurate after sharing your exact printer power. This will permit the 3Dresyns team to measure the curing rate table accurately with the same power as yours for fast & easy finding your optimum printing settings. Learn more about the Curing Rate Table

Instructions For Use IFU*

3Dresyns provides for free more detailed Instructions for Use IFU, upon request and after ordering, for selecting the best printing settings of our resins in your specific printer:
  • Our  calibration stl files (including the horizontally positioned coin shown above: most critical or difficult orientation for getting high z axis accuracy) are available for confirmation of printability, and for determining the xyz printing resolution, precision,  and dimensional accuracy of the chosen printing settings in your existing printer, before printing your own designs
  • Our IFU will provide you a full fingerprint of the achievable printing speed, resolution, precision, and dimensional accuracy of your chosen 3D resin with your printer specifications
  • The optimum printing settings for your chosen balance of printing speed, resolution, precision, and dimensional accuracy will be chosen by you, following our detailed IFU, with just some basic calibration steps
  • Our IFU do not require the use of complex working curves, nor mathematical correlation formulae of several variables such as:
    • Cd = Cure Depth (μm or mm) (cured layer thickness), Dp = Depth of penetration (mm), Ec = Critical Energy (J/mm2), E = Energy dosage per area or light irradiation dose (mJ/cm2), variables which are included in the working curve equation: Cd = Dp • In(E/Ec)
  • Our IFU are intuitive, fast & easy, and do not need the understanding of any complex concepts and equations, nevertheless technical 3D resins require technical printers

The difference between resolution, precision and dimensional accuracy

Resolution refers to the range of detail or minimum feature size which can be printed with detail. As shown on the surface of the coin the smallest feature size  can be easily evaluated by reading the smallest concentric circle line on the surface of the printed coin, since each circle line has engraved its width and depth in decreasing order from 500 to 2 microns. On the other hand, precision refers to the capability to repeatedly print or "reproduce" the same dimensions of prints over and over again with certain variation. Keep in mind that extremely precise prints are not necessarily dimensionally accurate unless the tree spatial xyz dimensions of prints coincide with the three spatial xyz dimensions of the designed stl files which define the theoretical dimensions of prints as defined in the stl files.  

Dimensional accuracy of 3D prints refers to how close the three spatial xyz dimensions of 3D prints are to the theoretical three spatial xyz dimensions of designed prints as defined in the stl file before printing. The stl file of 3Dresyns flat coin has 2 mm thickness (z axis) and 25 mm diameter (xy axis). The relative dimensional accuracy in the xyz axis can be easily measured by measuring the real diameter (xy axis) and thickness (z axis) of the horizontally positioned flat coin. For example, if the thickness of the printed coin is 2.1 mm.  The difference between the theoretical and real value is 0.1 mm and the % difference is 0.1/2x100=5% which indicates the relative dimensional accuracy in the z axis. The same principle applies to the xy dimensional accuracy. If for example the diameter of the printed coin is 25.25 mm.  The difference between the theoretical and real value is 0.25 mm and the % difference is 0.25/25x100=1% which indicates the relative dimensional accuracy in the xy axis.   

Basic tools needed for calibration:

    Cleaning and postcuring of prints:

    Optional: Custom fine tuning of 3D resins for custom optimum balance of printing speed, resolution, precision and dimensional accuracy

    Our SLA, DLP and LCD 3Dresyns can be fine tuned even further with our photoaccelerants (photocatalysts) and resolution increasers (resolutioners) for self-tuning their printing speed, resolution, precision, and dimensional accuracy with different printer types and printing settings, such as specific light power, exposure time per layer, z layer thickness and orientation of prints.

    Free samples of our photoaccelerant (photocatalyst) Fine Tuner FT1 and of our resolutioner Fine Tuner LB1 Bio will be sent for self-tuning if necessary and upon request to provide maximum control and balance of printing speed, xyz resolution, precision, and dimensional accuracy.

    Learn more about how to use our Fine Tuning additives for custom fine tuning of printing speed, resolution, precision, and dimensional accuracy

    Black box printing vs clear box printing

    If you are after a "plug & play" printing solution, without any specific technical and safety requirements, then consider purchasing the original non-functional "fragile" & "me too cheaper" 3D resins supplied with the printers. For certain time they will print certain basic 3D resins, but sooner or later will fail due to natural light power decay upon time of most printers.

    On the other hand, if you need to print  technical functional materials without variability, with high resolution, precision, dimensional accuracy, mechanical strength, and safety, and if you need specific functionality and performance properties, then explore our diverse 3D resin offering of multifunctional resins and 3D printing consulting services. 

    Do you need 3D printing consulting?

    If you are fighting with your existing printer in a "black box" approach and feel that you need more control and understanding of the fundamental 3D printing variables affecting the performance, reliability and reproducibility of your work, or in case that you do not have a printer yet, or need a new one, and do not know yet which printer to buy? Then, you may consider ordering our 3D consulting and training services for helping you to choose the right 3D Printing System for your specific needs and goals, which include recommendations of all the required instrumentation, tools, materials, instructions and training for professional 3D printing: 3D printing consulting

    Read About the importance of following 3Dresyns Instructions for Use "IFU" for getting optimum results!